A virtual DOM is a lightweight copy of the actual DOM (Document Object Model). The DOM is a tree-like structure that represents the HTML elements on a web page. Each time there is a change in the state of a web page, the entire DOM is re-rendered to reflect those changes. This can be a time-consuming process, especially for complex web applications.
To improve the performance of web applications, React uses a virtual DOM. The virtual DOM is a simplified representation of the actual DOM that is created and maintained by React. When there is a change in the state of a web page, React updates the virtual DOM instead of the actual DOM.
When a web page is loaded, React creates a virtual representation of the DOM. This virtual DOM is a tree-like structure that consists of nodes representing the HTML elements of the web page. Each node in the virtual DOM contains information about the HTML element it represents, such as its type, attributes, and children.
When there is a change in the state of the web page, React updates the virtual DOM instead of the actual DOM. React calculates the difference between the current virtual DOM and the new virtual DOM. This process is known as reconciliation. React then updates only the parts of the actual DOM that have changed, instead of re-rendering the entire DOM.
By using a virtual DOM, React can update the web page more efficiently and with fewer resources. This results in a smoother and more responsive user experience.
The use of a virtual DOM is one of the key features that makes React a popular choice for building web applications. It allows for more efficient updates to the web page, resulting in a smoother and more responsive user experience. As the demand for web applications continues to grow, the use of virtual DOM is likely to become more widespread in the development community.
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